Inflammatory and Immune System

Diabetesmellitus is a group of metabolic diseases that occurs when your blood glucose, or “sugar”, is too high (hyperglycemia). Blood glucose is found in your blood and is the primary source of energy in the human body. In healthy people, the body uses insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, to uptake glucose into the body’s cells. There are two major forms of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin and the cause is usually genetic. In type 2 diabetes, the body produces insulin but the gates that open up and allow glucose into the cells are defective. Persistently high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels and prevent blood flow to organs and tissues. High blood sugar levels over time reduce energy and nutrients into your body’s cells and damage delicate organ tissue. Severe complications of diabetes are stroke, heart disease, kidney damage, blindness, and limb amputations due to poor circulation and nerve damage. Diabetes, especially type 2, is one of the leading causes of death in the world and the number of new cases is growing exponentially worldwide.

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