Breast Cancer

Cancer and Neoplasms, Women's Health and Childbirth

Breast cancer is a group of diseases characterized by the abnormal growth of cells in breast tissue that often form into a tumor or mass. These abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and may spread into nearby tissues if left untreated. It is most common for breast cancer to move into the lymph nodes located in the armpit, neck, and chest. In advanced stages, the cancerous cells may spread throughout the entire body, including the liver, lungs, blood vessels, and bones. There are little to no symptoms of breast cancer in the early stages when the cancer is easily treated. The first sign is usually a painless lump. Less common symptoms are breast pain or heaviness and swelling and redness in the skin of the breast or nipple.

Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death among women in the United States. It is the most common female cancer with 268,600 cases diagnosed in 2019. While rare, men (2,670 cases in 2019) can also suffer from breast cancer. If you are facing breast cancer yourself or a loved one, the following information can help you understand this disease and the importance of treatment. Most importantly, breast cancer treatment has a high success rate especially when the cancer is caught early.

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