Gastritis occurs when the stomach lining becomes inflamed and can be due to a variety of causes. The main cause of gastritis is caused by a bacterium called Heliobacter pylori(H. pylori). Drugs such as aspirin and other painkillers, alcohol, infections, certain foods like coffee, and immune system diseases can also lead to gastritis. Those suffering from gastritis can complain of nausea, bloating, and pain in the upper abdomen. Severe cases may present with bloody vomiting and require emergency care. Long-term gastritis can increase an individual’s chances of developing stomach cancer. The primary aim of treating gastritis is to reduce the amount of acid in the stomach and give the lining a chance to heal.
- Upper abdominal discomfort or pain
- Blood in vomit
- Black, tarry stools
- Red blood in the stool
Any signs of blood in vomit or stools indicate an ulcer that may be bleeding in the stomach. Seek medical attention if any blood is present.