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Heart Disease

Cardiovascular

The term “heart disease” encompasses a broad range of diseases that cause the heart and blood vessels to not work right. This includes coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects, valve disease, and problems with the heart rhythm. You may also hear heart disease referred to as “cardiovascular disease”, which stands for any heart or blood vessel condition that reduces the amount of blood flow to the heart.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It comes in many different forms and is caused by the coronary arteries becoming blocked or narrowed. This decreases the blood supply to your heart. It can come on slowly due to family history, poor diet, and lack of exercise. It can also be present as birth. This is known as congenital heart disease (CHD).

Around 610,000 people in the U.S. die from heart disease each year. That amounts to around 1 in every 4 people who die. It affects both men and women equally, but over half of the heart disease deaths are often males. Each year, over 735,000 people in the United States suffer from heart attacks.

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