Inflammatory and Immune System, Metabolic Endocrine

Hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid, occurs when the thyroid gland produces more thyroid hormones than the body needs. The thyroid gland is a gland (shaped like a butterfly) that is found below your Adam’s apple in the front of the windpipe. It secretes thyroid hormones that are responsible for the regulation of many of the body’s functions including body temperature, metabolism, growth, and development. If your body produces too much of this hormone, your body’s metabolism may increase and cause excessive weight loss and an irregular heartbeat. You may also experience difficulty sleeping, fatigue, nervousness, and heart palpitations. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is caused by an autoimmune disorder known as Graves’s disease. 20 million people in the United States have a thyroid-related disease with women 5-8 times more likely to develop hyperthyroidism than men. While this disease is a chronic life-long condition, symptoms can be managed with prompt medical attention and treatment.

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