Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Inflammatory and Immune System, Neurological

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurologic disorder that occurs when the immune system attacks the nerves of the central nervous system (CNS) that consists of the brain and spinal cord1. In MS, the immune system breaks down the myelin sheath, a protective layer that encapsulates the nerves of the body’s nervous system. Nerves send electrical signals to and from the brain through the spinal cord. Myelin allows these signals to travel rapidly and efficiently along the pathway of nerve cells. Unfortunately, when the myelin sheath is attacked by the immune system, the signals are weakened or blocked completely causing abnormal functioning of the brain and spinal cord. A person with MS will initially experience numbness or tingling in the limbs, generalized weakness, bladder or bowel problems, and visual disturbances. MS usually occurs in adults between the ages of 30-50 and women are diagnosed two to three times more often than men.

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