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Prostate Cancer

Cancer and Neoplasms, Renal and Urogenital

Prostate cancer occurs when cells in the prostate gland grow out of control. To understand prostate cancer, it is first important to understand the prostate gland. The prostate gland is located in the male reproductive tract near the bladder and rectum. Its primary job is to create a fluid that gives sperm nourishment and keeps the semen in a liquid form. The prostate sits in the middle of the urethra and can become enlarged and grow abnormal cells. This can begin with a condition known as prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). This usually starts in young men between the ages of 20 to 40 years old, and 50 percent of men have these abnormal cells. Another type of condition that causes abnormal cells is called proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA). This is a sign of inflammation to the prostate gland and may turn into cancer cells. Doctors will usually do a biopsy and keep a close eye on the cells to watch for changes. Prostate cancer affects 1 in 5 men in the United States. Prevention is key in this type of cancer and early detection and treatment can increase the lifespan of men at risk for this disease.

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